General Information

The Arab League, also known as the League of Arab States, is an association of countries whose majority of citizens speak Arabic or have Arabic as their official language. The primary aims of the Arab League are "the strengthening of relations between the member-states, the coordination of their policies in order to achieve co-operation between them and to safeguard their independence and sovereignty; and a general concern with the affairs and interests of the Arab countries." (Arab Leagur Online). The members cooperate with each other in issues o health, economics, social welfare, nationalty, communication, and culture. If they have conflicts with each other, they do not resolve it with violence (in theory) and empower the Offices of the League to mediate in these conflicts. They also aggreed to collaborate in military affairs, and in 1950 a pact was signed telling members to act as though an act of agression against any one member of the League as an act against all.The Arab League currently has twenty-two members, including Palestine.
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The headquaters of the Arab League are in Cairo. They have biannual meetings, in March and September.
"The highest body of the League is the Council, composed of representatives of member states, usually foreign ministers, their representatives or permanent delegates. Each member state has one vote, [regardless] of its size." (BBC).

History

The origins of the Arab League lie in 1942 England. The British were struggling in World War II, and so they came up with the idea of the Arab League in order to rally Arab countries to combat the Axis powers. But the league was not officially formed until March 1945, which was just before the end of the war. According to CFR, "The League was chartered in response to concerns about postwar colonial divisions of territory as well as strong opposition to the emergence of a Jewish state in Palestine."

Present-Day (and more modern history)

Some of the critics of the League see positive developments, shown through the Leagues' actions in Lybia, where it supported a no-fly zone and the downfall of Muammar al-Qaddafi, and in Syria, where it organized an impartial (fact-finding) missin to observe the rebellion in Syria and called on the President Bashar al-Assad to resign his position due to the months of bloody, fatal conflict.
A comitment to human rights was formally adopted in 2008 when several members adopted the Arab Charter on Human Rights.
The current secretary-general, Nabil el-Arabi, was elected in May 2011. With a history of serving for manyears as an Egyptian diplomat, El-Arabi "played a significant role in negotiations with Israel from the Camp David accords onwards" (BBC).
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If you want to learn more, I got most of my information from www.cfr.org and BBC.