The Camp David Accords were signed on September 17, 1978. Representatives from the United States, Egypt, and Israel all met in Washington D.C. at the White House. President Jimmy Carter, Egyptian President Anwar el-Sadat, and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin agreed on peace between Egypt and Israel after three decades of opposition. On March 29, 1979, Egypt and Israel formally signed a peace treaty to end all war between the two countries.

The war state between Egypt and Israel dates back to the establishment of Israel in 1948. Israel has defeated Egypt numerous times, but the country's most important victory came in the 1967 war. The country, as a result, occupied Egypt's Sinai Peninsula that linked Africa with Asia. Sadat noticed when he became leader that his country was in trouble economically and could no longer afford to endlessly battle with Israel. He decided to make peace to receive stability and recover Sinai, but Israel's peace terms from 1967 would not help Egypt's cause. Seeing this concept, Sadat launched a surprise attack on Israel with the help of Syria on Yom Kippur (the holiest Jewish day of the year) and opened diplomatic relations with the U.S., Israel's ally. Israel was able to defeat the Arab forces with the aid of the U.S. President Richard Nixon. Yet this defeat still provided Sadat a chance to make peace with Israel, which he ultimately did so.

The guidelines of the Camp David Accords called for several ideas. First, there was obviously peace between Israel and Egypt, along with diplomatic relations. Second, Israel had to withdraw from the Sinai Peninsula over the next three years. Further meetings to resolve the Palestinian question were required and would include Jordan and a Palestinian representative. Israel had to withdraw from the West Bank and Gaza over the next five years with Palestine establishing self-government there. Lastly, Israelis could no longer settle on the West Bank. The big question still in the air was the fate of East Jerusalem, which remains a critical debate today.