Term List

Add terms (in bold) and brief definitions, descriptions, or explanations. See my example for Moshweshwe.

Moshweshwe: rose to power as a leader of the Sotho people in the midst of the Mfecane/Difaqane. He led his people and others who had suffered from attacks by the Zulu to a refuge at Thabo Bosiu, encountering cannibals along the way (remember his generosity to them). He established Lesotho, used diplomacy when he could but fought when he needed to, and ultimately sought protection from the British when he worried about the Boers. His actions brought permanency to Lesotho, to this day an independent state within the borders of South Africa. Mr.Dunne

Afrikaners: Also called the Boers, the Afrikaners were the Dutch who settled in South Africa. They originally landed and set up a "refreshment station" for Dutch ships traveling to Asia, at the Cape of Good Hope. The first Afrikaners were led by Jan van Riebeeck. By Brianna C.

Uitlanders: This was the Dutch word for outsiders, or foreigners, which to the Boers meant the British immigrants who had come to the Transvaal to work in the gold mines there. Part of what sparked the Boer War was that the British wanted the Boers to grant full citizenship rights to the Uitlanders, but the Boers, fearing that doing so would give the British too much influence in the Transvaal, refused. By Brianna C.

Apartheid: Apartheid is a Dutch word meaning "apartness" or separation. It was the harsh system of separation, control, and racial segregation that was in effect in South Africa from approximately 1948-1994. It was put into effect by Afrikaner Daniel Malan and his political group the N.P., or National Party, who beat Hertzog's and Smuts's United Party in the 1948 elections. By Brianna C.

  • Cape Town
  • Port Elizabeth
  • Lesotho
  • Kimberley- mining center (diamonds)
  • Natal
  • Orange Free State (controlled by Boers)
  • Transvaal (controlled by Boers)
  • Johannesburg