The Emergence of Arabism
Beginning in the 1600s, Arab speaking people of the Middle East were controlled by the reign of the large Ottoman Empire. From the 1600s, the end of the 19th century, the large amount of Arab people and the Ottoman Empire were able to coincide peacefully with each other. This peaceful and friendly relationship between the two was linked to the shared believe between the two of Islam. The Arab people accepted Muslims of any kind, even if they weren't Arab speaking. The reason for this is because in the believe of Islam, the Arab people stored a large amount of pride. To them, they were the creators and founders of the religion, as the Qur'an was written in Arabic and Muhammed was Arabic speaking. In their contribution to Islamic believes, Arab people living all over the vast Ottoman Empire shared the same pride in their Arabic roots, creating a sense of the beginnings of an "Arab Nationalism".
Towards the end of the 19th century, a new form of Arab Nationalism emerged. At the time, the Ottoman Empire was beginning to disperse. As it dispersed, Arabism began to rise in a period known as the "Arab Awakening". In this "awakening", Arabs became more intelligent. This intelligence (which included use of the press, novel and theater) led to the Arabic Literary Revival in Beirut, one of the beginning signs of the future for an Arabic State. Also in the period of the Arab Awakening was the gathering of Arab people in Damascus. In the past, Arab people of the Ottoman Empire had called for a larger role in the regions government, but their calls had always been left unanswered. Now with the collapse of the Ottoman Empire, Arab people who felt their role in government had previously been stolen from them saw a chance to meet their political desires. Throughout the lands of the Ottoman Empire, this idea of autonomy appealed to all Arabs, and thus at the beginning of the 20th century, it led to the mass amounts of Arabs arriving in Damascus. In Damascus, Arabs were further united by their believe that since they were Arabs, they were the best understanders of Islam and thus, only Arabs could bring Islam to its pinnacle. With their new knowledge gained, Arab peoples were able to create pamphlets from the printing presses they had been introduced to. These pamphlets called for an "Arab Movement" and were commonly seen throughout Europe.
Before the beginning of World War One, Arab Nationalism was boosted by another several factors. The first factor that boosted Arab Nationalism was the Arab peoples revulsion at the Ottoman Empires call to make everyone in the Empire speak Turkish. Also, as more and more Jewish people began to settle in Palestine, the Arab people were united by their anger at the situation. They felt that soon, Palestine would be an all Jewish state and they feared to see this happen. Ultimately, the roots of Arabian Nationalism come from the feeling of discontent that Arabs of the Ottoman Empire felt towards their rulers during the early stages of the 20th century. Politically, they felt they had little to no voice. Physically, they felt that they were being driven out of their own land of Palestine. Emotionally, they felt hurt by the fact that the Ottoman Empire had disregarded the weight of Arabic and its importance in Islam when they had tried to replace their language with that of Turkish. This resentment began to form the creation of bigger ideas for Arabic Nationalism and an Arabic State, but these ideas weren't considered until post WW1.