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New York Times "In Honduras, a tragedy long fortold"
An interesting article about the deaths of inmates due to gang violence still present in the jail. This article by Mark Ungar describes the over crowding of prisons due to the very high crime rate in the city of Honduras.It discusses the extreme measures of the "iron fist" policy that was implicated to try to end rising crime rates. It also discusses the flaws in this militant method and the flaws in crime investigation.

New York Times "Rescuing the Stories behind Latino Art" (Mr. Dunne)
A really interesting article on the efforts of the Museum of Fine Arts in Houston to collect, archive, and digitize vast amounts of information related to 20th century Latin American art. This provides a bit of an overview of some of the most influential artists of the era, but it also reveals how tenuous historical recognition can be, especially for those who aren't immediately recognized in their lifetimes.

Time Magazine "CUBA: Castro's Brain" (Charlotte N.)
This article is about the life of Che Guevara, who worked alongside Fidel Castro (as head of the Cuban National Bank) and eventually became an influential Marxist revolutionary. It details his greatest plights, in childhood and beyond, and draws attention to the nature of the Marxist ideologies ruling Latin America up to 1960 (the time of publishing).

Global Security's "War of the Pacific" (Dunny Mannion)
The "War of the Pacific" between Chile and a coalition army of Bolivia and Peru began after a dispute over the ownership of the Atacama Desert mine. After a treaty was made to settle the controversy, Bolivia began placing high taxes on the Chilean nitrate enterprises, which infringed the settlements clearly detailed in the treaty. This article details a very interesting and unforeseen outcome: although Bolivia officially lost the war, it brought strength and unity to their country in nationalism.

The Mirror of Public Opinion of Bolivar (Tim Kemp)
This article comes from the historical journal of David Sowell, part of the Department of History at Juniata College. It gives us insight on the political career of Simon Bolivar, liberator of New Grenada, from the eyes of the United States press. It goes into the question of whether Bolivar was republican who believed in democracy, or a dictator who found success while dropping his political values. This article chronicles the change of the public opinion of Bolivar as the "Washington of the South" to a tyrant of the Venezuelan people. The question left unanswered is that if he was a dictator, was it necessary in helping New Grendada succeed as a country?

Classic Maya Temples. Politics, and the Voice of the People (Karina Popowycz)
This article discusses the use and purpose of Classic Maya temples. The argument was that temples mainly served a political purpose, and that the royals used them to influence the people and increase support. It also talks of other uses of these temples, as well as who used them, and how and why they were built. The author provides basic knowledge and specifics, along with her take on the purpose of Classic Maya temples.


ADST "The Assassination of El Jefe, May 30, 1961 (Finn Doherty)
This article gives a first hand account of the assassination of Rafael Trujillo, "The Chief" (El Jefe). Henry Dearborn, the Chief of Mission in the DR gives an idea of why the CIA got involved, how the assassination itself went down, and the aftermath. This article helps to create an idea of what was happening in the DR at this time.

Operation Condor: Deciphering the U.S. Role (Ethan Torres)
This article accesses the U.S involvement in Operation Condor which was a covert operation between Chile, Argentina, Uruguay, Bolivia, Paraguay, and Brazil, later joined by Peru and Ecuador. The operation itself was created by these countries as a way of eliminating communist groups inside and outside of its borders through executions and military attacks. The main reason this article is so interesting is because the U.S. for so long denied any involvement in Operation Condor, yet recently documents were declassified saying that they did in fact have direct involvement in Operation Condor and support Pinochet of all people. This is important to know because the U.S. is rarely brought up when Operation Condor is referenced.

Colombian Drug Cartels Push Into Venezuela (Maddy Wiesenhahn)
This article, originally from the New York Times, discussed how the drug cartels in Columbia had become almost an empire on their own by the early 1990s. As the cartels grew beyond the borders of Columbia, it became clear that the reputation of Colombia was as a drug run nation, due to its inability to restrain its drug cartels and their influence. Venezuela, much like many other Latin American countries, previously untouched by the drug trade, suddenly faced serious drug infestation. This article gives a new perspective on drug trafficking and the struggle it puts upon governments trying to deal with it.

Children of Argentina's 'Disappeared' Reclaim Past, With Help (Katharine Barrett)
This article, from the New York Times, touches upon the disappearances of young activists during the Dirty War of Argentina. During which, children of said activists were stripped of their identity and given to live oblivious lives as military family children. The "Grandmothers of the Plaza de Mayo" during the time, protested and searched to find the whereabouts of their missing grandchildren, and learn what really happened to their children. With first hand interviews of found grandchildren and searching families, the article demonstrates the impact of the Dirty War.


The Crags of Tumbledown (Josh Chaskes)

This article, from the magazine Military History, provides a brief overview of the Falklands War, before delving into its final conflict, the battle for Mount Tumbledown, in great depth. During this battle, the British attempted to take an Argentine-held mountain, but greatly underestimated the forces they would be fighting against. They had heard that the Argentine forces were poorly trained teenage conscripts. What they ran into at Tumbledown, however, was a highly trained group of soldiers who made the battle incredible difficult for the British. Although the mountain was taken in the end, many casualties were suffered at Tumbledown, like most other battles in the war.



The combat genocide association Mayan Genocide in Guatemala(Olivia Floody)
This article by The Combat Genocide Association, outlines the significant parts of the Guatemalan civil war. After the poor country gained independence from Spain in 1821, it went back to it's dynastic traditions. The mostly Mayan population was suppressed by the the residual Latins. The article also explains how the CIA got involved in the civil war by starting a coup of Guatemalans.

Allende Dies in Coup (Eric Christenson)

This article about the coup d'etat in Chile during 1973 provides an overview of the downfall of Allende, the first democratically elected Marxist leader. It also provides the effects of the CIA on the situation and the rise and fall of Pinochet.